Social Security Child's Insurance Benefits
Social Security Child’s Insurance Benefits are federally funded. The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) administers these benefits for children whose parents (one or both):
- Have worked and earned enough Social Security credits; and
- Are entitled to Social Security retirement or disability benefits, or deceased.
When a parent becomes disabled or dies, Social Security benefits help to stabilize the family’s financial future.
General Program Requirements
To qualify for this benefit, a child must be:
- Unmarried; and
- Dependent on the parent; and
- Younger than age 18; or
- 18-19 years old and a full-time student (no higher than grade 12); or
- 18 or older with a disability that began before age 22.
Under certain circumstances, a stepchild, grandchild, step-grandchild, or adopted child may also qualify for Child's Insurance Benefits.
Based on the information you gave, since you are currently over age 19 (or over age 18 but not in high school), you cannot get monthly benefits on your parent's work record. However, if you were under age 18 (or under age 19 and still in high school) when your parent began receiving Social Security benefits or died, you could get benefits for prior months.
Your Next StepsThe following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this benefit.
Visit the Apply For Social Security Benefits webpage to apply online.
Program Contact Information
Or for additional information on this and any SSA benefit, call:
1-800-772-1213 (TTY: 1-800-325-0778)
Would you like more information about child insurance benefits?
Visit SSA’s Publications Home Page and review "Social Security Benefits for Children”, Social Security Publication Number 05-10085.
Would you like more information about social security credits?
Visit SSA’s Publications Home Page and review "Social Security: How You Earn Credits," Social Security Publication Number 05-10072.