Program Description

Supplemental Security Income is a federal program funded by U.S. Treasury general funds. The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the program, but SSI is not paid for by Social Security taxes. SSI provides financial help to disabled adults and children who have limited income and assets.

Program Requirements

To qualify for this benefit program, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least age 65.
  • Be blind or disabled.
  • Have limited income and resources. 
  • Be a Citizen or national of the U.S. or an alien who meets certain applicable requirements. 
  • Reside in one of the 50 States, District of Columbia, or the Northern Mariana Islands, except for a child of military parent(s) assigned to permanent duty anywhere outside the United States or certain students temporarily abroad. 

Based on the information you gave about your income, assets, and citizenship status, you could get SSI when you turn 65.

This screening tool only asks very general questions about your income and assets, citizenship, living arrangements and, if you are under 65, your disability. Social Security will ask you for more detailed information. If you are under 65, they will also need more information about your disability.

To see the Listing of Impairments that can qualify for disability, visit the "Adult Listing of Impairments" page. Even if your condition is not included in the listing, you still could get benefits.  To find out more about how Social Security decides if you are disabled, visit SSA’s Publications Page and review "Disability," Social Security Publication Number 05-10029.

Contact Information

Would you like more information about SSI?
Visit SSA's Publications Page and review the publication "Supplemental Security Income," Social Security Publication Number 05-11000.

Benefit Categories
Supplemental Security Income